Jesus pierced with a spear, Duc de Berry paintings
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Crucifixion, by Matthias Grunewald, detail of crucified feet

Paintings: Crucifixion

Nail piercing feet of a crucified man

Crucifixion : what archaeology shows

Reconstruction of the Temple of Jerusalem at the time of Jesus

at the time of Jesus

The route to Calvary 

Route to Calvary

Aerial view of Jerusalem showing the site of the Temple

Maps of 
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            Was Jesus truly dead?

Soldiers pierce the side of Jesus with a lance or spear, Duc de Berry's Book of Hours

”But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was dead already, they broke not his legs: but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water” (John 19: 38, 84).

The followers of Jesus are not present in this scene. No doubt this would have been how it was, since they would have been intimidated by the presence of the brutal soldiers.

But Jesus himself is no longer plagued by the soldiers' taunts. He is dead, and they are in the act of testing this by plunging a spear into his side. In a moment they will break the limbs of the two naked thieves crucified on each side of Jesus.

This incident was a popular subject at the time. Click on the thumbnail below to see an enlargement of Fra Angelico's mural of this brutal moment.Fra Angelico, the soldiers pierce the side of Jesus to be certain he is dead

The painter of the Book of Hours has incorporated an incident from the Golden Legend. Longinus, the centurion who pierced Christ's side, suffered from a disease of the eyes. Here he raises his spear with lowered lids, and the hands of two comrades help to direct the thrust. His disease was cured by the blood that flowed from the wound.

One of the soldiers on the left side of the painting holds a shield in the form of a grotesque mask (see this same shield used in Soldiers at the Tomb). At the foot of the cross a guard leaning on his spear has turned away from the sight of the mutilated dead.

We are told that soldiers cast lots for Christ's seamless garment, and here a group of three, oblivious of the scene behind them, could well be occupied with dice. One of them turns his back to the beholder.

The painter again employed his favored reds, pinks, blues, and yellow-browns. The blue tunic of one soldier bears small, sparkling golden motifs that give the figure a disproportionate prominence.  

Christ's side is pieced by a lance or spear, Duc de Berry, Book of Hours, whole page




Click on the image at right to see an enlarged illustration of the full page as it appears in the Book of Hours




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Bible Study Guide: Paintings of  Jesus on the cross, his side pierced by a lance, Les Belles Heures, Duc du Barry

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