Bible Study Guide: maps of Bible lands at the time of Jesus

 Maps of Bible Lands at the time of Jesus


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Map of the route to Calvary

Maps of 
events in Jesus' life

Reconstruction of a house in 1st century Jerusalem

at the time of Jesus

Single room clay-brick house with wooden roof, as in Nazareth

that Jesus knew






Map of Jerusalem at the time of Jesus

Jerusalem at the time of Jesus

People in the story: Jesus of Nazareth,   Caiaphas,   Peter,   Annas,   Judas,   Pontius Pilate,   Herod Antipas,   the women of Jerusalem,   Mary of Nazareth,   Mary Magdalene,   Peter and John,   Thomas

What happened thereJesus lost in the TempleJesus' triumphant entry into Jerusalem,   the cleansing of the Temple,   betrayal by Judas,   the Last Supper,   Agony at Gethsemane,   Jesus questioned by Annas,   Caiaphas' trial,   Peter's denial,   Pontius Pilate and Herod,   the Scourging,   Death Sentence,   the Way of the Cross,   Crucifixion,   Burial   and   Resurrection.

Aerial photograph of Jerusalem showing locations of the Temple Mount, the Mount of Olives, Bethphage and Bethany

Jerus_siege1.JPG (164045 bytes)

Topographical map of Jerusalem at the time of the siege in 70AD, about 40 years after the death of Jesus. It shows David's original fortress-city, the Temple Mount, the Upper and Lower city, and the Kidron Valley. 
Click on the map to see a larger, more clearly defined version.

Bible Study Guide: layout map of Jerusalem at the time of Jesus

Jerusalem - lay-out of the ancient city

Map showing key locations for the last week of Jesus' life.


Bible Study Guide: layout of the Temple of Jerusalem

Ground-plan of the Temple of Jerusalem

The stalls of the money-changers were in the outer courtyard of the Temple (12). The colonadded porticoes around the courtyard (14) probably contained Scripture colleges for young men; Jesus was drawn to this area in the story of the Finding in the Temple


Bible Study Guide: photograph of the Jerusalem area

Jerusalem - Kidron Valley and view to the west

Jerusalem looking west across the Kidron Valley. The hill at top right had a road which led to Bethany. On the night of the Last Supper Jesus could have left Jerusalem, headed up this hill towards his friends in Bethany and escaped by travelling to the west. He did not.


Jerusalem and the surrounding towns and villages; Bible Study Guide

Jerusalem and the surrounding towns and villages

Jerusalem lay at the center of a network of small towns that serviced the city. The Mount of Olives lay to the west, with Bethany (Martha, Mary and Lazarus) lying on the road to Jericho. Bethlehem lay to the south, about 7/8 miles away. The exact location of Emmaus (top left) is unknown, but it lay somewhere in the area shown.


Galilee, Nazareth, Cana, Magdala 

People in the story: Mary of Nazareth, Joseph, King Herod, John the Baptist, the Samaritan womanPeter, Mary Magdalene   

What happened there: The Annunciation, the birth of Jesus, the three Wise Men, the marriage at Cana, Jesus' rejection at Nazareth


Map of the provinces of Galilee, Samaria and Judea at the time of Jesus Christ

1st century Palestine at the time of Jesus

These are the provinces that Jesus travelled through during his ministry. Galilee had good agricultural land and a thriving fishing industry - Magdala where Mary Magdalene came from supplied large quantities of dried fish to the surrounding provinces. Samaria, where Jesus encountered the Samaritan Woman, lay between Jerusalem and Galilee, but most Jews avoided it, even though the roads were better than those in Judea and the Jordan Valley.



1st century Palestine at the time of Jesus; Bible study guide

Positions of Nazareth and Jerusalem

Nazareth was an unimportant village in the northern province of Galilee. It was close to trade routes, highways and the city of Sepphoris, which was a center of regional government. The position of the village was ideal: secluded and nestled in a hollow on top of the Nazareth Range.

An upward incline from the Jezreel Valley to Nazareth limited travel to winding footpaths, so that there was less interaction with the surrounding countryside that you might expect. The large town of Sepphoris was about 4 miles from Nazareth, about an hour-and-a-half walk away after a short climb over the hill's crest, a steep descent, and then a sloping incline.

The people of Nazareth at the time of Jesus were Jews, probably descendants of Jewish settlers who migrated there over a century earlier.



Provincial divisions of Palestine at the time of Jesus Christ; bible study guide

Roman provincial divisions of Palestine

A map showing political divisions of the province of Palestine at the time of the birth of Christ.



map of Sepphoris, Nazareth and Cana at the time of Christ; Bible study guide

Sepphoris, near Nazareth and Cana

Sepphoris was a large new city, the provincial capital, near Nazareth. Its architecture and design were heavily influenced by Greek ideas and culture, and traditional Jews disapproved of its influence. Despite this, Joseph and Jesus may have worked on its construction. See the relative positions of Cana and Nazareth: both were nearby. Magdala, home of Mary Magdalene, was further away.

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Bible Study Guide:  Jesus Christ:  Maps of Galilee, Jerusalem, Samaria with Nazareth, Cana, Bethlehem

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Copyright 2012 Elizabeth Fletcher